With respect to your three screenshots, the first one shows what I think @gwgill meant by sRGB being somehow associated with an interpolated raw file, which is very different from not doing a proper white balance on a raw file during interpolation, but still assigning an input profile.
For Troy’s “uniwb” input profile, the proper white balance is “uniwb”. But for our current raw processors this creates the situation where attempting to use normal wb tools such as clicking on a neutral patch produce unexpected results, such as gray turns red.
Troy is a very smart person who knows a lot about color - more than me no doubt, even if he does have an irrational dislike of ICC profile color management. My impression is that there’s a lot to be said for using chromatic adaptation to do white balancing - I’m not unaware of the issues despite Troy’s efforts to make it seem that way! and I’d love to explore the topic, perhaps incorporating stuff we’ve already talked about in other threads with respect to using RawTherapee’s CIECAM02 module chromatic adaptation to modify white balances.
It would be interesting to do some real-world checks on whether incorporating the white balance into the camera input profile is better than not doing this, or if it perhaps makes no difference, when the goal is to use chromatic adaptation to white balance raw files.