I’ve had this happen for the last couple of years but it only now got to a point when it started to be aggravating.
I shoot mostly macro with a Sony a6000, 57mm extension tubes, Pentax M Macro 50mm f/4 and a Godox T685 flash with an off-the-shelf softbox diffuser, slightly bent and modified to fit my needs.
Onto problem number one. I’ve gotten accustomed to shoot with the flash in manual mode, at around 1/16 to 1/8, at around 1/160s, AUTO-ISO 100-1600 and f/8 on the lens. Any shutter speed slower than that and I risk getting trails. Now this is sort of OK, and although I do get images a bit darker than I’d like, it’s nothing terrible and I blame my less-than-ideal diffuser.
All fine and dandy but this is where my main issue begins. A lot of times, and I mean A LOT of times the flash will switch to TTL by itself, sometimes after every shot, so that means I always have to check if my flash is still in M mode before and after every shot. It does this before my eyes. I will set it to M and wathc it change to TTL by itself, the very next second. Set it to M again and it will change to TTL again, by itself.
(Maybe related, maybe not, but it might be worth mentioning that my camera does something similar at times. I usually shoot in S or A mode and it will change through modes by itself. It will go to Intelligent Auto for a second, then back to S, then back to Intelligent auto. Or when I preview an image, or use the zoom to focus assist function it will jump back to the main screen, and I have to fight it, to keep image preview open, or the focus assist zoom window)
Now back to my flash issue, I say why not shoot in TTL mode to avoi all this nonsense. Well, shooting with the flash in TTL mode, even compensated by two full stops, I always get waaaaay over-exposed images, like 5 stops overexposed. They’re so bad, the highlights are burned beyond any sort of recovery. Even with faster speed, even at f/11, TTL almost guarantees an over-exposed image.
Please excuse a rather long post, but I tried to explain my issues the best I could.
For what it’s worth, this is the setup.